This systematic literary works review is designed to donate to the literary works by trying to enhance our knowledge of the Latina paradox by critically examining the existing empirical proof to explore exactly just just how paperwork status is calculated and might be theorized to influence maternity results among this populace. We hypothesize that documents status shall affect maternity outcomes in a way that appropriate status (among foreign-born Latinas) may be protective for maternity results (and being undocumented will increase danger for unfavorable outcomes). We specify this among foreign-born Latinas, because we realize that U.S.-born Latinas (despite having appropriate status) are more inclined to have even even even worse maternity results. This assessment will further elucidate exactly how Latinas’ vulnerability to outcomes that are adverse shaped and reified by documents status. This review has three objectives: to (1) synthesize the empirical evidence on the relationship between documentation status and pregnancy outcomes among Latina women in the United States; (2) examine how these studies define and operationalize documentation status in this context; and (3) make recommendations of how a more comprehensive methodological approach can guide public health research on the impact of documentation status on Latina immigrants to the United States to achieve our aim
We carried out literature queries within PubMed, internet of Science, Academic Re Search Premier, and Google Scholar for studies that analyzed the relationship between documents status and pregnancy results (Appendix Table A1). We used search phrases (including word-form variations) methodically across all databases to recapture: (1) populace of interest (Hispanic, Latina); (2) visibility of great interest (documents or legal status); and (3) outcomes of great interest ( ag e.g., preterm birth PTB, LBW, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, GWG). We searched the next terms: populace of great interest (latin* OR hispanic* OR mexic*); publicity of great interest (вЂњimmigration statusвЂќ OR вЂњlegal statusвЂќ OR вЂњnaturalized citizenвЂќ OR вЂњillegal statusвЂќ OR вЂњillegalsвЂќ OR вЂњalien*вЂќ OR вЂњundocumentedвЂќ OR вЂњdocumentation statusвЂќ OR documented immigra* OR undocumented immigra* OR legal immigra* OR illegal immigra*); and results of great interest (вЂњpregnancy weight gainвЂќ OR вЂњpregnancy-induced hypertensionвЂќ OR вЂњpregnancy induced hypertensionвЂќ OR birth outcome* OR вЂњpregnancy outcome*вЂќ OR вЂњeclampsiaвЂќ OR вЂњpre-eclampsiaвЂќ OR вЂњpregnancy weightвЂќ OR вЂњpostpartumвЂќ OR вЂњlow birth weightвЂќ OR вЂњlow birth-weightвЂќ OR вЂњlow birthweightвЂќ OR вЂњsmall for gestational ageвЂќ OR вЂњpreterm birthвЂќ OR вЂњpre-term birthвЂќ OR вЂњdiabetesвЂќ OR вЂњglucoseвЂќ OR вЂњgestationвЂќ). Our search ended up being conducted in August 2017 by having a subsequent review that is manual of listings.
We included English language published studies, white documents, reports, dissertations, along with other literary works detailing initial research that is observational in the us. Studies had been included should they: (1) included and/or limited their study test to Latina females; (2) quantitatively examined associations between paperwork pregnancy and status results; and (3) dedicated to Latina females from non-U.S. regions (as a result of our interest that is specific in dimension and effect of paperwork status).
Research selection and information extraction
As shown in Figure 1, the search procedure yielded a set that is initial of unique essays. For this article that is initial, 1444 had been excluded according to name and abstract review, making 480 articles for complete text review. Of these, six articles came across our addition requirements. Overview of these articles’ guide lists yielded three extra articles, bringing the full total for addition to nine.
FIG. 1. information removal chart.
Each paper identified within our search ended up being separately examined by two writers. Paper games had been reviewed and excluded when they had been obviously away from review subject. The abstract and subsequently the full text were reviewed if the title did not provide sufficient information to determine inclusion status. When it comes to discrepant reviews, a 3rd writer examined the paper to find out inclusion/exclusion. Finally, this process that is same placed on our writeup on the guide listings associated with included documents.
Each writer individually removed information related to the research design and analysis. To steer our review, we utilized the PRISMA reporting checklist, adjusted as a Qualtrics abstraction form to facilitate taking faculties from each article, including: paperwork status dimension; pregnancy results meaning and ascertainment; race/ethnicity and country of beginning of research test; covariates; and approach that is statistical including handling of lacking information. To assess each included study’s resiliency from bias, we utilized a modified form of the NIH Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-sectional Studies (Appendix A1), with two writers separately appraising each research. Considering that one function of this review is always to report the standard of research in this region and also make tips for future research, we consist of all studies in this reviewвЂ”irrespective of resiliency from biasвЂ”as is in keeping with the nature that is emerging of research topic.
This research ended up being exempted because of the Portland State University institutional review board.